Journal Articles
Book Chapters
Conference Proceedings


  1. J. Yue, Y. Huang, S. liu, J. Chen, F. Han, C. Wang, Rational Designed Mixed-Conductive Sulfur Cathodes for All-Solid-State Lithium Batteries. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2020,
  2. P-F Wang, T. Jin, J. Zhang, Q-C. Wang, X. Ji, C. Cui, N. Piao, S. Liu, J. Xu, X-Q. Yang, C. Wang. Eluciation of the Jahn-Teller effect in a pair of sodium isomer. Nano Energy, 2020, 77, 105167.
  3. L. Cao, D. Li, T. Deng, Q. Li, C. Wang, Hydrophobic organic electrolyte protected Zn anodes for aqueous Zn batteries. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2020,
  4. H. Wang, Y. Shao, H. Pan, X. Feng, Y. Chen, Y-S. Liu, E. D. Walter, M. H. Engelhard, K. S. Han, T. Deng, G. Ren, D. Lu, X. Lu, W. Xu, C. Wang, J. Feng, K. T. Mueller, J. Guo, K. R. Zavadil, J-G. Zhang, A lithium-sulfur battery with a solution-mediated patway operating under lean electrolyte conditions. Nano Energy, 2020, 76, 105041.
  5. S. Hwang, X. Ji, S-M. Bak, K. Sun, J. Bai, X. Fan, H. Gan, C. Wang, D. Su, Revealing Reaction Pathways of Collective Substituted Iron Fluoride Electrode for Lithium Ion Batteries. ACS Nano, 2020,
  6. R. Sun, X. Ji,C. Luo, S. Hou, P. Hu, X. Pu, L. Cao, L. Mai, C. Wang, Water-Pillared Sodium Vanadium Bronze Nanowires for Enhanced Rechargeable Magnesium Ion Storage. Small, 2020, 2000741.
  7. C. Luo, E. Hu, K. J. Gaskell, X. Fan, T. Gao, C. Cui, S. Ghose, X-Q. Yang, C. Wang, A Chemically Stabilized Sulfur Cathode for Lean Electrolyte Lithium Sulfur Batteries. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2020,
  8. J. Hao, X. Lim, S. Zhang, F. Yang, X. Zeng, S. Zhang, G. Bo, C. Wang, Z. Guo, Designing Dendrite-Free Zinc Anodes for Advanced Aqueous Zinc Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, 2020, 2001263.
  9. T. Jin, P-F. Wang, Q-C. Wang, K. Zhu, T. Deng, J. Zhang, W. Zhang, X-Q. Yang, L. Jiao, C. Wang, Realizing Complete Solid-Solution Reaction in a High Sodium-Content Pw-Type Cathode for high-Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2020, 59, 2-8.
  10. Y. Lin, J. Zheng, C. Wang, Y. Qi, The origin of the two-plateaued or one-plateaued open circuit voltage in Li-S batteries.  Nano Energy, 2020, 104915.
  11. X. Wang, X. Fan, X. Yu, S. Bak, Z. Shadike, I. Waluyo, A. Hunt, S. D. Senanayake, H. Li, L. Chen, C. Wang, B. Han, D. Feng, S. Li, Z. Zhang, Y. Zou, . Gu, H. Meng, C. Wang, R. Xiao, E. Hu, X-Q. Yang, The Role of Electron Localization in Covalency and Electrochemical Properties of Lithium-Ion Battery Cathode Materials. Advanced Functional Materials, 2020, 2001633.
  12. B. Han, D. Feng, S. Li, Z. Zhang, Y. Zou, . Gu, H. Meng, C. Wang, K. Xu, Y. Zhao, H. Zeng, C. Wang, Y. Deng, Self-Regulated Phenomenon of Inorganic Artificial Solid Electrolyte Interphase for Lithium Metal Batteries. Nano Letters, 2020, 20, 4029-4037.
  13. H. Wan, W. Wang, F. Han, L. Cai, C. Wang, X. Yao, Bio-inspired Nanoscaled Electronic/Ionic Conduction Networks for Room-Temperature All-Solid-State Sodium-Sulfur Battery. Nano Today, 2020, 33,100860.
  14. L. Chen, L. Cao, X. Ji, S. Hou, Q. Li, J. Chen, C. Yang, N. Edison, C. Wang, Enabling Safe Aqueous Lithium-ion Open Batteries by Suppressing the Oxygen Reduction Reaction. Nature Communications, 2020, 11,1-8.
  15. T. Deng, X. Ji, Y. Zhao, L. Cao, S. Li, S. Hwang, C. Luo, P. Wang, H. Jia, X. Fan, X. Lu, D. Su, X. Sun, C. Wang, J.-G. Zhang, Tuning the anode-electrolyte interface chemistry for garnet-based solid-state Li metal batteries. Advanced Materials, 2020, 2000030.
  16. R. Sun, S. Hou, C. Luo, X. Ji, L. Wang, L. Mai, C. Wang, A Covalent Organic Framework for Fast-Charge and Durable Rechargeable Mg Storage. Nano Letters, 2020,
  17. C. Cui, X. Fan, X. Zhou, J. Chen, Q. Wang, M. Lu, C. Yang, E. Hu, X-Q. Yang, C. Wang, Structure and Interface Design Enable Stable Li-Rich Cathode. Journal of American Chemical Society, 2020,
  18. L. Ma, M. A. Schroeder, T. P. Pollard, M. S. Ding, R. Sun, L. Cao, J. Ho. D. R. Baker, C. Wang, K. Xu, Critical Factors Dictating Reversibility of the Zinc Metal Anode. Energy & Environemtnal Materials, 2020, 0, 1-6.
  19. J. P. Mwizerwa, Q. Zhang, F. Han, H. Wan, L. Cai, C. Wang, X. Yao, Sulfur-Embedded FeS2 as a High-Performance Cathode for Room Temperature All- Solid-State Lithium-Sulfur Batteries. ACS Applied Material & Interfaces, 2020,12, 18519-18525.
  20. L. Wang, Y. Lin, S. DeCarlo, Y. Wang, K. Leung, Y. Qi, K. Xu, C. Wang, B. W. Eichhorn, Compositions and Formation Mechanisms of Solid-Electrolyte-Interphase (SEI) on Microporous Varbon/Sulfur Cathodes. Chem. Mater., 2020,
  21. J.Chen†, Q. Li†, T. P. Polland, X. Fan, O. Borodin, C. Wang, Electrolyte Design for Li Metal-free Li Batteries. Materials Today, 2020,
  22. Z. Bi, N. Zhao, L. Ma, Z. Fu, F. Xu. C. Wang, X. Guo, Interface Engineering on Cathode Side for Garnet Batteries. Chemical Engineering Journal, 2020, 124089.
  23. J. Chen†, X. Fan†, Q. Li†, H. Yang, M.R. Khoshi, Y. Xu, S. Hwang, L. Chen, X. Ji, C. Yang, H. He, C. Wang, E. Garfunkel, D. Su, O. Borodin, C. Wang, Electrolyte Design for LiF-rich Solid-Electrolyte Interfaces to Enable High-performance Microsized Alloy Anodes for Batteries. Nature Energy, 2020,
  24. L. Chen, J. Zhang, Q. Li, J. Vatamanu, X. Ji, T. P. Pollard, C. Cui, S. Hou, J. Chen, C. Yang, L. Ma, M. S. Ding, M. Garaga, S. Greenbaum, H-S. Lee, O. Borodin, K. Xu, C. Wang, A 63 m Superconcentrated Aqueous Electrolyte for High-Energy Li-Lion Batteries. ACS Energy Letters, 2020, 5, 968-974.
  25. P. Hundekar, S. Basu, X. Fan, L. Li, A. Yoshimura, T. Gupta, V. Sarbada, A. Lakhnot, R. Jain, S. Narayanan, Y. Shi, C. Wang, N. Koratkar, In situ Healing of Dendrites in a Potassium Metal Battery. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2020, 117, 5588-5594.
  26. O. Borodin, J. Self, K. A. Persson, C. Wang, K. Xu, Uncharted Waters: Super-Concentrated Electrolytes, Joule, 2020, 4, 69-100.
  27. N. Piao, X. Ji, H. Xu, X. Fan, L. Chen, S. Liu, M. Garaga, S. Greenbaum, L. Wang, C. Wang, X. He, Countersolvent Electrolytes for Lithium-Metal Batteries, Advanced Energy Materials, 2020, 1903568.
  28. M. Li, C. Wang, Z. Chen, K. Xu, J. Lu, New Concepts in Electrolytes, Chemical Reviews, 2020,
  29. C. Cui, C. Yang, N. Eidson, J. Chen, F. Han, L. Chen, C. Luo, P. Wang, X. Fan, C. Wang. A  Highly Reversible, Dendrite-Free Lithium Metal Anode Enables by a Lithium-Fluoride-Enriched Interphase. Advanced Materials, 2020, 1906427.
  30. S. Liu, X. Ji, J. Yue, S. Hou, P. Wang, C. Cui, J. Chen, B. Shao, J. Li, F. Han, J. Tu, C. Wang, High Interfacial-Energy Interphase Promoting Safe Lithium Metal Batteries, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2020, 142, 2438-2447.
  31. X. Zhou, L. Wang, X. Fan, B. Wilfong, S. Liou, Y. Wang, H. Zheng, Z. Feng, C. Wang, E. Rodriguez, Isotope Effect between H2O and D2O in Hydrothermal Synthesis, Chemistry of Materials, 2020, 32, 769-775.
  32. P. Wang, Y. Xiao, N. Piao, Q. Wang, X. Ji, T. Jin, Y. Guo, S. Liu, T. Deng, C. Cui, L. Chen, Y. Guo, X. Yang, C. Wang, Both Cationic and Anionic Redox Chemistry in a P2-Type Sodium Layered Oxide, Nano Energy, 2020, 69, 104474.
  33. C. Cui, X. Ji, P. Wang, G. Xu, L. Chen, J. Chen, H. Kim, Y. Ren, F. Chen, C. Yang, X. Fan, C. Luo, K. Amine, C. Wang, Integrating Multi-Redox Centers into one Framework for High Performance Organic Li-Ion Battery Cathode, ACS Energy Letters, 2020, 5, 224.
  34. S. Hou, T. Gao, X. Li, C. Wang, Operando Probing Ion and Electron Transport in Porous Electrodes, Nano Energy, 2020, 67, 104254.


  1. R.Jain, P. Hundekar, T. Deng, X. Fan, Y. Singh, A. Yoshimura, V. Sarbada, T. Gupta, A. Lakhnot, S. O. Kim, C. Wang, N. Koratkar, Reversible Alloying of Phosphorene with Potassium and Its Stabilization Using Reduced Graphene Oxide Buffer Layers, ACS Nano, 2019, 13, 14094-14106.
  2. H. Wan, L. Cai, F. Han, J. P. Mwizerwa, C. Wang, X. Yao, Construction of 3D Electronic/Ionic Conduction Networks for All-Solid-State Lithium Batteries, Small, 2019, 15, 1905849.
  3. M. Mao, C. Luo*, T. Pollard, S. Hou, T. Gao, X. Fan, C. Cui, J. Yue, Y. Tong, G. Yang, T. Deng, M. Zhang, J. Ma, L. Suo, O. Borodin*, C. Wang*, A Pyrazine-Based Polymer for Fast-Charge Batteries, Angewandte Chemie, Int. Ed., 2019, 58, 17820-17826.
  4. H. Wan, J. P. Mwizerwa, F. Han, W. Weng, J. Yang, C. Wang, X. Yao, Grain-boundary-resistance-less Na3SbS4-xSex solid electrolytes for all-solid-state sodium batteries, Nano Energy, 2019, 66, 104109.
  5. X. Fan†, X. Ji†, L. Chen†, J. Chen, T. Deng, F. Han, J. Yue, N. Piao, R. Wang, X. Zhou, X. Xiao, L. Chen, C. Wang, All-temperature batteries enabled by fluorinated electrolytes with non-polar solvents, Nature Energy, 2019, 4, 882.
  6. M. Mao, T. Gao, S. Hou, F. Wang, J. Chen, Z. Wei, X. Fan, X. Ji, J. Ma, C. Wang, A High-Energy-Density Rechargeable Mg Battery Enabled by Displacement Reaction, Nano Letters, 2019, 19, 6665- 6672.
  7. T. Deng, X. Fan, L. Cao, J. Chen, S. Hou, X. Ji, L. Chen, E. Hu, S. Li, X. Zhou, D. Su, X. Yang, C. Wang, Designing in-situ Formed Interphases Enables Highly Reversible Cobalt-free LiNiO2 Cathode for Lithium metal/ion Battery, Joule, 2019, 3, 2550.
  8. L. Wang, A. Menakath, F. Han, Y. Wang, P. Zavalij, K. Gaskell, O. Borodin, D. Luga, S. Brown, C. Wang, K. Xu, B. Eichhorn, Identifying the components of the solid–electrolyte interphase in Li-ion Batteries, Nature Chemistry, 2019, 11, 789.
  9. Y. Tao, Y. Hwang, R. Radermacher, C. Wang, Experimental Study on Electrochemical Compression of Ammonia and Carbon Dioxide for Vapor Compression Refrigeration System, International Journal of Refrigeration, 2019, 104, 180.
  10. C. Wang, Y. Meng, K. Xu, Fluorinating Interphases, Journal of Electrochemical Society, 2019, 166, A5184.
  11. S. Zhang, X. Fan, C. Wang, Enhanced Electrochemical Performance of Ni‐Rich Layered Cathode Materials by using LiPF6 as a Cathode Additive, ChemElectroChem, 2019, 6, 1536.
  12. M. Mao, X. Ji, S. Hou, T. Gao, F. Wang, L. Chen, X. Fan, J. Chen, J. Ma, C. Wang, Tuning Anionic Chemistry to Improve Kinetics of Mg Intercalation, Chemistry of Materials, 2019, 31, 3183.
  13. R. Xu, J. Yue, S. Liu, J. Tu, F. Han, P. Liu, C. Wang, Cathode-Supported All-Solid-State Lithium-Sulfur Batteries with High Cell-Level Energy Density, ACS Energy Letters, 2019, 4, 1073.
  14. C. Yang†, J. Chen†, X. Ji, T. P. Pollard, X. Lü, C. Sun, S. Hou, Q. Liu, C. Liu, T. Qing, Y. Wang, O. Borodin, Y. Ren, K. Xu, C. Wang, Aqueous Li-ion Battery Enabled by Halogen Conversion-Intercalation Chemistry in Graphite, Nature, 2019, 569, 245.
  15. J. Zheng, G. Ji, X. Fan, J. Chen, Q. Li, H. Wang, Y. Yang, K.C. DeMella, S.R. Raghaven, C. Wang, High-Fluorinated Electrolytes for Li-S Batteries, Advanced Energy Materials, 2019, 9, 1803774.
  16. S. Zhang, J. Chen, C. Wang, Elemental Sulfur as a Cathode Additive for Enhanced Rate Capability of Layered Lithium Transition Metal Oxides, Journal of the Electrochemical Society, 2019, 166, A487.
  17. F. Lu,† Y. Pang,† M. Zhu, F. Han, J. Yang, F. Fang, D. Sun, C. Wang, S. Zheng, A High-Performance Li–B–H Electrolyte for All-Solid-State Li Batteries, Advanced Functional Materials, 2019, 29,1809219.
  18. L. Chen,† X. Fan,† E. Hu,† X. Ji, J. Chen, S. Hou, T. Deng, J. Li, D. Su, X. Yang, C. Wang, Achieving high-energy density through increasing the output voltage: a highly reversible 5.3 V battery, Chem, 2019, 5, 896.
  19. J. Zheng,† Y. Yang,† G. Ji, X. Ji, H. Wang, S. Hou, M. Zachariah, C. Wang, Super Stable Antimony-carbon Composite Anodes for Potassium-ion Batteries, Energy Environmental Science, 2019, 12, 615- 623.
  20. C. Cui, J. Xu, Y. Zhang, Z. Wei, M. Mao, X. Lian, S. Wang, C. Yang, X. Fan, J. Ma, C. Wang, Antimony Nanorod Encapsulated in Cross-linked Carbon for High-Performance Sodium Ion Battery Anodes, Nano Letters, 2019, 19, 538.
  21. L. Chen,† X. Fan,† X. Ji,† J. Chen, S. Hou, C. Wang, High energy Li metal battery with lithiated host, Joule, 2019, 3, 732.


  1. F. Han, A. Westover, J. Yue, X. Fan, F. Wang, M. Chi, D. Leonard, N. Dudney, H. Wang, C. Wang, High Electronic conductivity as the origin of lithium dendrite formation within solid electrolytes, Nature Energy, 2019, 4, 187-196.
  2. G. Xu, H. Sun, C. Luo, L. Estevez, M. Zhuang, H. Gao, R. Amine, H. Wang, X. Zhang, C. Sun, Y. Liu, Y. Ren, Steve M. Heald, C. Wang, Z. Chen, K. Amine, Solid-State Lithium/Selenium–Sulfur Chemistry Enabled via a Robust Solid-Electrolyte Interphase, Advanced Energy Materials, 2018, 9, 1802235.
  3. Y. Liang,† C. Luo,† F. Wang, S. Hou, S. Liou, T. Qing, Q. Li, J. Zheng, C. Cui, C. Wang, An Organic Anode for High Temperature Potassium-ion Batteries, Advanced Energy Materials, 2018,  9, 1802986.
  4. X. Fan, X. Ji, F. Han, J. Yue, J. Chen, L. Chen, T. Deng, J. Jiang, C. Wang, Fluorinated solid electrolyte interphase enables highly reversible solid-state Li metal battery, Science Advances, 2018, 4, eaau9245.
  5. J. Yue, X. Zhu, F. Han, X. Fan, L. Wang, J. Wang, C. Wang, A Long-Cycle Life All-Solid-State Sodium Ion Battery, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2018, 10, 39645.
  6. M. Mao, T. Gao, S. Hou, C. Wang, A Critical Review on Cathodes for Rechargeable Mg batteries, Chemical Society Review, 2018, 47, 8804.
  7. F. Wang, E. Hu, T. Gao, X. Ji, W. Sun, X. Fan, F. Han, X. Yang, K. Xu, C. Wang, Rechargeable Aqueous Zn2+-Battery with High Power Density and Long Cycle-life, Energy & Environmental Science, 2018, 11, 3168- 3175.
  8. R. Xu, F. Han, X. Ji, X. Fan, J. Tu, C. Wang, Interface engineering of sulfide electrolytes for all-solid-state lithium batteries, Nano Energy, 2018, 53, 958.
  9. X. Ji, J. Chen, F. Wang, W. Sun, Y. Ruan, L. Miao, J. Jiang, C. Wang, Water activated VOPO4 for magnesium ion batteries, Nano Letters, 2018, 18, 6441-6448.
  10. Y. Zhong, B. Li, S. Li, S. Xu, Z. Pan, Q. Huang, L. Xing, C. Wang, W. Li, Bi Nanoparticles Anchored in N-Doped Porous Carbon as Anode of High Energy Density Lithium Ion Battery, Nano-Micro Letters, 2018, 10, 56.
  11. S. Zhang, X. Fan, C. Wang, An in-situ enabled lithium metal battery by plating lithium on a copper current collector, Electrochemical Communications, 2018, 89, 23-26.
  12. S. Zhang, X. Fan, C. Wang, Preventing lithium dendrite-related electrical shorting in rechargeable batteries by coating separator with a Li-killing additive, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2018, 6, 10755.
  13. C. Luo, G. Xu, X. Ji, S. Hou, L. Chen, F. Wang, J. Jiang, Z. Chen, Y. Ren, K. Amine, C. Wang, Reversible Redox Chemistry of Azo Compounds for Sodium-Ion Batteries, Angewandte Chemie, Int. Ed., 2018, 57, 2879-2883.
  14. X. Fan, L. Chen, X. Ji, T. Deng, S. Hou, J. Chen, J. Zheng, F. Wang, J. Jiang, K. Xu, C. Wang, Highly Fluorinated Interphases Enable High-Voltage Li-Metal Batteries, Chem, 2018, 4, 174-185.
  15. H. Che, X. Yang, H. Wang, X. Liao, S. Zhang, C. Wang, Z. Ma, Long cycle life of sodium-ion pouch cell achieved by using multiple electrolyte additives, Journal of Power Sources, 2018, 407,173-179.
  16. F. Wang, W. Sun, Z. Shadike, N. Hu, X. Ji, T. Gao, X. Yang, K. Xu, C. Wang, How Water Accelerates Bivalent Ion Diffusion, Angewandte Chemie, Int. Ed, 2018, 57, 11978-11981
  17. J. Zheng,† X. Fan,† G. Ji, H. Wang, S. Hou, K. DeMella, S. Raghavan, J. Wang, K. Xu, C. Wang, Manipulating electrolyte and solid electrolyte interphase to enable safe and efficient Li-S batteries, Nano Energy, 2018, 50, 431-440.
  18. C. Luo,† X. Ji,† J. Chen, K. Gaskell, X. He, Y. Liang, J. Jiang, C. Wang, Solid-State Electrolyte Anchored with Carboxylated Azo Compound for All-Solid-State Lithium Batteries, Angewandte Chemie, Int. Ed, 2018, 57, 8567-8571.
  19. Y. Yao, F. Jiang, C. Yang, K. Fu, J. Hayden, C. Lin, H. Xie, M. Jiao, C. Yang, Y. Wang, S. He, F. Xu, E. Hitz, T. Gao, J. Dai, W. Luo, G. Rubloff, C. Wang, L. Hu, Epitaxial Welding of Carbon Nanotube Networks for Aqueous Battery Current Collectors, ACS Nano, 2018, 12, 5266-5273.
  20. T. Deng,† X. Fan,† J. Chen, L Chen, C. Luo, X. Zhou, J. Yang, S. Zheng, C. Wang, Layered P2-Type K0.65Fe0.5Mn0.5O2 Microspheres as Superior Cathode for High-Energy Potassium-Ion Batteries, Advanced Functional Materials, 2018, 1800219.
  21. X. Fan,† E. Hu,† X. Ji, Y. Zhu, F. Han, S. Hwang, J. Liu, S. Bak, Z. Ma, T. Gao, S.-C. Liou, J. Bai, X.-Q. Yang, Y. Mo, K. Xu, D. Su, C Wang, High Energy-Density and Reversibility of Iron Fluoride Cathode Enabled Via an Intercalation-Extrusion Reaction, Nature Communications, 2018, 9, 1-12.

  22. X. Fan,† L. Chen,† O. Borodin, X. Ji, J. Chen, S. Hou, T. Deng, J. Zheng, C. Yang, S. Liou, K. Amine, K. Xu, C. Wang, Non-flammable Electrolyte Enables Li-Metal Batteries with Aggressive Cathode Chemistries, Nature Nanotechnology, 2018, 13, 715-722

  23. S. B. Son, T. Gao, S. Harvey, K. X. Steirer, A. Stokes, A. Norman, C. Wang, A. Cresce, K. Xu, C. Ban, An Artificial Interphase Enables Reversible Magnesium Chemistry in Carbonate Electrolytes, Nature Chemistry, 2018,  10, 532–539.

  24. F. Wang, O. Borodin, T. Gao, X. Fan, W. Sun, F. Han, A. Faraone, J. Dura, K. Xu and C. Wang, Highly Reversible Zinc-Metal Anode for Aqueous Batteries, Nature Materials, 2018, 17, 543-549.

  25. F. Wang, O. Borodin, M. S. Ding, M. Gobet, J. Vatamanu, X. Fan, T. Gao, N. Eidson, W. Sun, S. Greenbaum, K. Xu and C. Wang, Hybrid Aqueous/Non-Aqueous Electrolyte for Safe and High Energy Li-ion Batteries, Joule, 2018, 2, 1–11.

  26. J. Chen,† X. Fan,† X. Ji, T. Gao, S. Hou, X. Zhou, L. Wang, F. Wang, C. Yang, L. Chen, and C. Wang, Intercalation of Bi nanoparticles into graphite enables ultra-fast and ultra-stable anode material for Sodium-ion batteries, Energy & Environmental Science, 2018, 11, 1218-1225.

  27. X. Fan,† F. Wang,† X. Ji R. Wang, T. Gao, S. Hou, J. Chen, T. Deng, C. Luo, X. Li, L. Wang, C. Wanga, Universal Organic Cathode for Ultrafast Multivalent Metal Batteries, Angewandte Chemie, Int. Ed, 2018, 57, 7146-7150.

  28. X. Fan,† J. Yue,† F Han, J. Chen, T. Deng, X. Zhou,S. Hou, C. Wang, High Performance All-Solid-State Na-S Battery Enabled by Casting-Annealing Technology, ACS Nano, 2018, 12, 3360−3368.

  29. F. Han, J. Yue, X.Zhu, C. Wang, Suppressing Li dendrite formation in Li2S-P2S5 solid electrolyte by LiI incorporation, Advanced Energy Materials, 2018,  8, 1703644.

  30. F. Han, J. Yue, C. Chen, N. Zhao, X. Fan, Z. Ma, T. Gao, F. Wang, X. Guo and C. Wang, Interphase Engineering Enabled All-Ceramic Lithium Battery, Joule, 2018, 3, 497-508.

  31. C. Luo, S. Hou, X. Ji, N. Eidson, X. Fan, Y. Liang, T. Deng, J. Jiang, C. Wang, Azo Compounds Derived from Electrochemical Reduction of Nitro Compounds for High Performance Li-Ion Batteries, Advanced Materials, 2018,  30, 1706498.

  32. C. Luo, O. Borodin X. Ji, S. Hou, K.J. Gaskell, X. Fan, J. Chen, T. Deng, R. Wang, J. Jiang, C. Wang, Azo compounds as a family of organic electrode materials for alkali-ion batteries, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2018, 115, 2004-2009.

  33. M. Mao, C. Cui, M. Wu, M. Zhang, T. Gao, X. Fan, J. Chen, T. Wang, J. Ma, and C. Wang, Flexible ReS2 Nanosheets/N-doped Carbon Nanofibers-Based Paper as a Universal Anode for Alkali (Li, Na, K) Ion Battery, Nano Energy2018, 45, 346–352.

  34. T. Deng, X. Fan, C. Luo, J. Chen, L. Chen, S. Hou, N. Eidson, X. Zhou, C. Wang, Self-templated Formation of P2-type K0.6CoO2 Microspheres for High Reversible Potassium-ion Batteries, Nano Letter, 2018, 18, 1522−1529.

  35. Y. Liang, H. Tian, J. W. Repac, S.C. Liou, W. Han, C. Wang, and S. H. Ehrman, Colloidal spray pyrolysis: An new fabrication technology for nanostructured energy storage materials, Energy Storage Materials, 2018, 13, 8-18.

  36. T. Gao, S. Hou, K. Huynh, F. Wang, N. Eidson, X. Fan, F. Han, C. Luo, M. Mao, X. Li, C. Wang, Existence of Solid Electrolyte Interphase in Mg Batteries: Mg/S Chemistry as an Example, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2018, 10, 14767-14776.

  37. D. Bin F. Wang A. G. Tamirat, L. Suo Y. Wang C. Wang, Y. Xia, Progress in Aqueous Rechargeable Sodium‐Ion Batteries, Advanced Energy Materials, 2018, 1703008.

  38. S. S. Zhang, X. Fan and C. Wang, Efficient and stable cycling of lithium metal enabled by a conductive carbon primer layer, Sustainable Energy Fuels, 2018, 2, 163–168.


  1. Y. Tao, W. Gibbons, Y. Hwang, R. Radermacher, C. Wang, Electrochemical ammonia compression, Chemical Communications, 2017, 53, 5637.
  2. J. Yue, F. Han, X. Fan, X. Zhu, Z. Ma, J. Yang, C. Wang, High-Performance All-Inorganic Solid-State Sodium–Sulfur Battery, ACS Nano, 2017, 11, 4885-4891.
  3. L. Suo, O. Borodin, Y. Wang, X. Rong, W. Sun, X. Fan, S. Xu, M. Schroeder, A. Cresce, F. Wang, C. Yang, Y. Hu, K. Xu, C. Wang, “Water‐in‐Salt” Electrolyte Makes Aqueous Sodium‐Ion Battery Safe, Green, and Long‐Lasting. Advanced Energy Materials, 2017, 7, 1701189.
  4. L. Suo, D. Oh, Y. lin, Z. Zhuo,O. Borodin, T. Gao, F. Wang, A. Kushima, Z. Wang,H. Kim, Y. Qi, W. Yang, F. Pan, J. Li, Ju; K. Xu, C. Wang, How Solid-Electrolyte-Interphase Forms in Aqueous Electrolytes, Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2017, 139, 18670−18680.

  5. T. Gao, X. Ji, S. Hou, X. Fan, X. Li, C. Yang, F. Han, F. Wang, J. Jiang, K. Xu, C. Wang, “Thermodynamics and Kinetics of Sulfur Cathode during Discharge in MgTFSI2-DME Electrolyte” Advanced Materials, 2017, 29, 1704313

  6. O. Borodin, L. Suo, M. Gobet, X. Ren, F. Wang, A. Faraone, J. Peng, M. Olguin, M. Schroeder, M. Ding, E. Gobrogge, G. V. Wald, S. Munoz, J. Dura, S. Greenbaum, C. Wang, K. Xu, “Liquid Structure with Nano-heterogeneity Promotes Cationic Transport in Concentrated Electrolytes,” ACS Nano, 2017, 11, 10462-10471.

  7. C. Lin, X. Fan, A. Pearse,S. C. Liou, K. Gregorczyk, M. Leskes, C. Wang, S. B, Lee, G. Rubloff, M. Noked, “Highly Reversible Conversion-type FeOF Composite Electrode with Extended Lithium Insertion by ALD LiPON protection,” Chemistry of Materials, 2017, 29, 8780-8791.

  8. F. Wang, X. Fan, T. Gao, W. Sun, Z. Ma, C. Yang, F. Han, K. Xu and C. Wang, “High-Voltage Aqueous Magnesium-Ion Batteries,” ACS Central Science, 2017, 3, 1121−1128.

  9. C. Yang, X. Ji, X. Fan, T. Gao, L. Suo, F. Wang, W. Sun, J. Chen, L. Chen, F. Han, L. Miao, K. Xu, K. Gerasopoulos and C. Wang, Flexible Aqueous Li-ion Battery with High Energy and Power Densities, Advanced Materials, 2017, 29, 1701972.

  10. Chao Luo, Xiulin Fan, Zhaohui Ma, Tao Gao, Chunsheng Wang, “Self-healing Chemistry between Organic Material and Binder for Stable Sodium Ion Batteries,” Chem, 2017, 3, 1050-1062.

  11. T. Gao, S. Hou, F. Wang, Z. Ma, X. Li, K. Xu, and C. Wang, “Reversible S0/MgSx Redox Chemistry in MgTFSI2-MgCl2 Electrolyte for Rechargeable Mg/S Battery,” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 56, 13526 –13530

  12. X. Li, T. Gao, F. Han, Z. Ma, X. Fan, S. Hou, N. Eidson, W. Li, C. Wang, “Reducing Mg Anode Overpotential via Ion Conductive Surface Layer Formation by Iodine Additive,” Advanced Energy Materials, 2017, 7, 1701728.

  13. M. R. Kaiser, Z. Ma, X. Wang, F. Han, T. Gao, X. Fan, J. Wang, H. Liu, S. Dou, C. Wang,, “Reverse Microemulsion Synthesis of Sulfur/Graphene Composite for Lithium/Sulfur Battery,” ACS Nano, 2017, 11, 9048-9056.

  14. C. Yang, J.Chen, T. Qing, X. Fan, W. Sun, A. v. Cresce, M. S. Ding, M.A. Schroeder, N. Eidson, C. Wang, K. Xu, “4.0 V Aqueous Li-ion Batteries,” Joule. 2017, 1, 122–132, C&EN News

  15. C. Luo, A. Langrock, X. Fan, Y. Liang, C. Wang, “P2-Type Transition Metal Oxides for High Performance Na-Ion Battery Cathodes,” J. Mater. Chem. A, 2017, 5, 18214–18220.

  16. S. S. Zhang, X. Fan and C. Wang, A tin-plated copper substrate for efficient cycling of lithium metal in an anode-free rechargeable lithium battery, Electrochimica Acta, 2017, 258, 1201-1207.

  17. W. Sun, L. Suo, F. Wang, N. Eidson, C. Yang, F. Han, Z. Ma, T. Gao, M. Zhu, C. Wang, “Water-in-Salt” electrolyte enabled LiMn2O4/TiS2 Lithium-ion batteries,” Electrochemistry Communications, 2017, 82, 71–74.

  18. W.Sun, F. Wang, S. Hou, C. Yang, X. Fan, Z. Ma, T. Gao, F. Han, R. Hu, M. Zhu, and C. Wang, “Zn/MnO2 Battery Chemistry With H+ and Zn2+ Coinsertion,” Journal of the American Chemical Society, 2017, 139, 9775-9778.

  19. X. Fan, T. Gao, C. Luo, F. Wang, J. Hu, C. Wanga, Superior reversible tin phosphide-carbon spheres for sodium ion battery anode, Nano Energy, 2017, 38, 350–357.

  20. L. Suo, O. Borodin, Y. Wang, X. Rong, W. Sun, X. Fan, S. Xu, M.l A Schroeder, A. A Cresce, F. Wang, C. Yang, Y.S. Hu, K. Xu, C. Wang, “Water-in-Salt” Electrolyte Makes Aqueous Sodium-Ion Battery Safe, Green and Long-lasting, Advanced Energy Materials, 2017, 1701189.

  21. C. Yang, L. Suo, O. Borodin, F. Wang, W. Sun, T. Gao, X. Fan, S. Hou, Z. Ma, K.l Amine, K. Xu, and C. Wang, Unique Aqueous Li-ion/Sulfur Chemistry with High Energy Density, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 2017,114, 6197–6202.

  22. M. Mao, F. Yan, C. Cui, J. Ma, M. Zhang, T. Wang, C. Wang, “Pipe-Wire TiO2-Sn@Carbon Nanofibers Paper Anodes for Lithium and Sodium Ion Batteries”, Nano Letters, 2017, 17, 3830–3836.

  23. L. Chen, J. Bao, X. Dong, D. Truhlar, Y. Wang, C. Wang, Y. Xia, “Aqueous Mg-ion Battery Based on Polyimide Anode and Prussian Blue Cathode”, ACS Energy Letters, 2017, 2, 1115–1121.

  24. C. Luo, H. Zhu, W. Luo, F. Shen, X. Fan; J. Dai, Y. Liang, C. Wang, L. Hu, “Atomic-Layer-Deposition Functionalized Carbonized Mesoporous Wood Fiber for High Sulfur Loading Lithium Sulfur Batteries”, ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2017, 9, 14801–14807.

  25. X. Yao, N. Huang, F. Han, Q. Zhang, H. Wan, J. P. Mwizerwa, C. Wang, and X.Xu, High-performance all-solid-state lithium-sulfur batteries enabled by amorphous sulfur coated reduced graphene oxide cathodes. Advanced Energy Materials, 2017, 7, 1602923.

  26. M. R. Kaiser, S. Chou, H.-K. Liu, S.-X. Dou, C. Wang and J. Wang, Structure-Property Relationships of Organic Electrolytes and their Effects on Li/S Battery Performance. Advanced Materials, 2017, 29, 1700449.

  27. Y. Zhu, T. Gao, X. Fan, F. Han, and C. Wang. Electrochemical Techniques for Intercalation Electrode Materials in Rechargeable Batteries. Accounts of Chemical Research, 2017, 50,1022–1031.

  28. H. Tian, T. Gao, X. Li, X. Wang, C. Luo, X. Fan, C. Yang, L. Suo, Z. Ma, W. Han, and C. Wang. High power rechargeable magnesium/iodine battery chemistry. Nature Communications, 2017, 8,14083.

  29. F. Wang, L. Suo, C. Yang, F. Han, T. Gao, W. Sun and C. Wang. Spinel LiNi0.5Mn1.5O4 Cathode for High-Energy Aqueous Lithium-Ion Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 2017, 7, 160092.


  1. F. Han, J. Yue, X. Fan, T. Gao, C. Luo, Z. Ma, L. Suo, C. Wang. High-Performance All-Solid-State Lithium–Sulfur Battery Enabled by a Mixed-Conductive Li2S Nanocomposite. Nano Letters, 2016, 16, 4521-4527.
  2. X. Yao, D. Liu, C. Wang, P. Long, G. Peng, Y. Hu, H. Li, L. Chen, X. Xu. High energy all-solid-state lithium batteries with ultralong cycle life. Nano Letters, 2016, 16, 7148-7154.

  3. F. Wang, Y. Lin, L. Suo, X. Fan, T. Gao, C. Yang, F. Han, Y. Qi, K. Xu d and C. Wang. Stabilizing High-Voltage LiCoO2 Cathode in Aqueous Electrolyte with Interphase-forming Additive. Energy & Environmental Science, 2016, 9, 3666-3673.

  4. X. Wang, T. Gao, F. Han, Z. Zhang, J. Li and C. Wang. Stabilizing high sulfur loading Li-S batteries by chemisorption of polysulfide on three-dimensional current collector. Nano Energy, 2016, 30, 700-708.

  5. K. Xu, C. Wang. Batteries: Widening voltage windows. Nature Energy, News and Review

  6. Y. Zhu, S. H. Choi, X. Fan, J. Shin, Z. Ma, M. R. Zachariah, J. W. Choi, and C. Wang. Recent Progress on Spray Pyrolysis for High Performance Electrode Materials in Lithium and Sodium Rechargeable Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 2016. 10.1002.

  7. J. Zhao, X. Zou, Y. Zhu, Y. Xu, and C. Wang. Electrochemical Intercalation of Potassium into Graphite. Advanced Functional Materials, 2016, 26, 8103–8110.

  8. X. Wang, T. Gao, X. Fan, F. Han, Y. Wu, Z. Zhang, J. Li and C. Wang. Tailoring surface acidity of metal oxide for better polysulfide entrapment in Li-S batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, 2016, 26, 7164–7169.

  9. T. Fu, J. Fang, C. Wang and J. Zhao. Hollow porous nanoparticles with Pt skin on a Ag–Pt alloy structure as a highly active electrocatalyst for the oxygen reduction reaction. Journal of Material Chemistry A, 2016, 4, 8803-8811.

  10. G. L. Xu, T. Ma, C. J. Sun, C. Luo, L. Cheng, Y. Ren, S. M. Heald, C. Wang, L. Curtiss, J. Wen, D. J. Miller, T.Li, X. Zuo, V. Petkov, Z. Chen, and K. Amine. Insight into the Capacity Fading Mechanism of Amorphous Se2S5 Confined in Micro/Mesoporous Carbon Matrix in Ether-Based Electrolytes. Nano Letters, 2016, 16, 2663–2673.

  11. F. Han, J. Yue, X. Fan, T. Gao, C. Luo, Z.i Ma, L. Suo, C. Wang. Batteries Enabled by Mixed-Conductive Li2S Nanocomposites. Nano Letters, 2016,16, 4521.

  12. T. Gao, X. Li, X. Wang, F. Han, X.n Fan, L. Suo, A. J. Pearse, S. B. Lee, G. W. Rubloff, M. Noked and C. Wang. A Rechargeable Al/S Battery with Ionic Liquid Electrolyte. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 2016, 55, 9898 –990.

  13. X. Fan, Y. Zhu, C. Luo, L. Suo, Y. Lin, T. Gao, K. Xu, and C. Wang. Pomegranate-Structured Conversion-Reaction Cathode with a Built-in Li Source for High-Energy Li-Ion Batteries. ACS Nano, 2016, I10, 5567−5577.

  14. L. Suo, O. Borodin, W. Sun, X. Fan, C. Yang, F. Wang, T. Gao, Z. Ma, M. Schroeder, A. v. Cresce, S. M. Russell, M. Armand, A. Angell, K. Xu, and C. Wang. Advanced High Voltage Aqueous Li-ion Battery Enabled by “Water-in-Bisalt” Electrolyte. Angewandte Chemie International Edition (VIP), 2016, 55, 7136–7141.

  15. L. Suo, F. Han, X. Fan, H. Liu, K. Xu and C. Wang. Water-in-Salt” electrolytes 1 enable green and safe Li-ion batteries for large scale electric energy storage applications. Journal of Material Chemistry A2016, 4, 6639–6644.

  16. J. Mao, X. Fan, C. Luo, and C. Wang. Building Self-Healing Alloy Architecture for Stable Sodium-Ion Battery Anodes: A Case Study of Tin Anode Materials. ACS Applied Material & Interfaces2016, 8, 7147−7155.

  17. X. Fan, Y. Zhu; C. Luo; T. Gao; L. Suo; S.-C. Liou, K. Xu, C. Wang. In situ Lithiated FeF3/C Nanocomposite as High Energy Conversion-Reaction Cathode for Lithium-ion Batteries. Journal of Power Sources, 2016, 307, 435-442.

  18. Y. Zhu, X. Fan; L. Suo, L. Chao, T. Gao, C. Wang. Electrospun FeS2@Carbon Fiber Electrode as a High Energy Density Cathode for Rechargeable Lithium Batteries. ACS Nano, 2016, 10,1529–1538.

  19. F. Han, Y. Zhu, X. He, Y. Mo, C. Wang. Electrochemical Stability of Li10GeP2S12 and Li7La3Zr2O12 Solid Electrolytes. Advanced Energy Materials, 2016, 6, 1501590.

  20. C. Luo, Y. Zhu, O. Borodin, T. Gao, X. Fan, Y. Xu, K. Xu, C. Wang. Activation of Oxygen-Stabilized Sulfur for Li and Na Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, 2016, 26, 745.


  1. Y. Tao, H. Lee, Y. Hwang,R. Radermacher, C. Wang. Electrochemical compressor driven metal hydride heat pump. International Journal of Refrigeration, 2015, 60, 278–288.

  2. J. Hu, M. Noked, E. Gillette, F. Han, Z. Gui, C. Wang and S. B. Lee. Dual-template synthesis of ordered mesoporous carbon/Fe2O3 nanowires: high porosity and structural stability for supercapacitor. Journal of Material Chemistry A, 2015, 3, 21501.

  3. X. Fan; C. Luo, J. Lamb, Y. Zhu, K. Xu, C. Wang. PEDOT encapsulated FeOF nanorod cathodes for high energy lithium-ion batteries. Nano Letters, 2015, 15, 7650–7656.

  4. L. Suo, O. Borodin, T. Gao, M. Olguin, J. Ho, X. Fan, C. Luo, C. Wang, K. Xu. Water-in-Salt Electrolyte Enables High Voltage Aqueous Li-ion Chemistries. Science, 2015, 350, 938. Perspective from Prof. Bruce Dunn.

  5. T. Gao, M. Noked, A. J Pearse, E. Gillette, X. Fan, Y. Zhu, C. Luo, L. Suo, M.. A Schroeder, K. Xu, S. B. Lee, G. W. Rubloff, C. Wang. Enhancing the Reversibility of Mg/S Battery Chemistry through Li+ Mediation. Journal of American Chemical Society, 2015, 37, 12388. Highlighted by C&EN.

  6. X. Fan, J. Mao, Y. Zhu, C. Luo, L. Suo, T. Gao, F. Han, S. C. Liou and C. Wang. Superior Stable Self-healing SnP3 Anode for Sodium-ion Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5, 1500174.

  7. J. Wang, Jing; X. Meng, X. Fan, Xiulin; W. Zhang, H. Zhang, C. Wang. Scalable Synthesis of Defect Abundant Si Nanorods for High-Performance Li-ion Battery Anodes. ACS Nano, 2015, 9, 6576.

  8. J. Wang; C. Luo, J. Mao, Y. Zhu, X. Fan, T. Gao, A. Mignerey, C. Wang. Solid-State Fabrication of SnS2/C Nanospheres for High Performance Na-Ion Battery Anode. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2015, 7, 11476.

  9. Y. Xu, Y. Wen, Y. Zhu, K. Gaskell, K. A. Cychosz, B.Eichhorn, K. Xu, and C. Wang. Confined Sulfur in Microporous Carbon Renders Superior Cycling Stability in Li/S Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, 2015, 25, 4312.

  10. J. Mao, C. Luo, T. Gao and C. Wang. Scalable synthesis of Na3V2(PO4)3/C porous hollow spheres for Na-ion batteries cathode. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2015, 3 ,10378.

  11. C. Luo, J. Wang, X. Fan, Y. Zhu, F. Han, L. Suo, C. Wang. Roll-to-Roll Fabrication of Organic Nanorod Electrodes for Sodium Ion Batteries. Nano Energy, 2015,13, 537–545.

  12. F. Han, T. Gao, Y. Zhu, K. J. Gaskell, C. Wang. A Battery Made from a Single Material.  Advanced Materials, 2015, 27, 3473.

  13. Y. Zhu, Y. Wen, X. Fan, T. Gao, F. Han, C. Luo, S. Liou, C. Wang. Red Phosphorus-Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Composite as a Superior Anode for Sodium Ion Batteries. ACS Nano, 2015, 9, 3254.

  14. F. Xin, X. Wang, J.Bai, W. Wen, H. Tian, C. Wang, W. Han. Lithiation/Delithiation Mechanism of Monodispersed MSn5 (M=Fe, Co and FeCo) Nanospheres. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2015, 3, 7170.

  15. Y. Zhu, L. Suo, T. Gao, X. Fan, F. Han, and C. Wang.  Ether-based electrolyte enabled Na/FeS2 rechargeable batteries. Electrochemistry Communications, 2015, 54, 18–22.

  16. L. Suo, Y. Zhu, F. Han, T. Gaoa, C. Luo, X. Fan, Y. Hu, and C. Wang. Carbon Cage Encapsulating Nano-cluster Li2S by Ionic Liquid Polymerization and Pyrolysis for High Performance Li-S Batteries. Nano Energy, 2015, 13, 467.

  17. H. Tian, X. Tan, F. Xin, C. Wang, and W. Han. Micro-sized Nano-Porous Si/C Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries. Nano Energy, 2015, 11, 409.

  18. C. Luo, J. Wang, L. Suo, J. Mao, X. Fan and C. Wang. In situ formed carbon bonded and encapsulated selenium composites for Li–Se and Na–Se batteries. Journal of Material Chemistry A, 2015, 3, 555 – 561.

  19. T. Gao, F. Han, Y. Zhu, L. Suo, C. Luo, K. Xu and C. Wang. Hybrid Mg2+/Li+ Battery with Long Cycle Life and High Rate Capability. Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5,1401507. Highlited by Materials View.

  20. J. Wang, C. Luo, T. Gao, A. Langrock, A. C. Mignerey, C. Wang. An Advanced MoS2/Carbon Anode for High Performance Sodium-Ion Batteries. Small, 2015, 11, 472. Highlighted in cover.

  21. Y. Xu, Y. Zhu, F. Han, C. Luo, and C. Wang. 3D Si/C Fiber Paper Electrodes Fabricated by a Combined Electrospray/Electrospinning Technology for Li-Ion Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 2015, 5,1400753.


  1. X. Fan, J. Shao, X. Xiao, X. Wang, S. Li, H. Ge, L. Chen and C. Wang. In situ synthesis of SnO2 nanoparticles encapsulated in micro/mesoporous carbon foam as a high-performance anode material for lithium ion batteries. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014, 2, 18367-18374.

  2. S. Zheng, Y. Wen, Y. Zhu, Z. Han, J. Wang, J. Yang, and C. Wang. In-situ Sulfur Reduction and Intercalation of Graphite Oxides for Li-S Battery Cathodes. Advanced Energy Materials, 2014, 4,1400482.

  3. Y. Liu, J. Wang, Y. Xu, Y. Zhu, D. Bigio, C. Wang, “Lithium-Tellurium Batteries Based on Tellurium/Porous Carbon Composite. Journal of Material Chemistry A, 2014, 2, 12201-12207.

  4. Y. Liu, F. Fan; J. Wang, Y. Liu,H. Chen, K. Jungjohann, Y. Xu, Y. Zhu, D. Bigio, T. Zhu, C. Wang. In situ Transmission Electron Microscopy Study of Electrochemical Sodiation and Potassiation of Carbon Nanofibers. Nano Letters, 2014, 14, 3445–3452.

  5. Y. Wen, K. He, Y. Zhu, F. Han, Y. Xu, I. Matsuda, Y. Ishii, J Cumings, and C. Wang. Expanded Graphite as Superior Anode for Sodium-Ion Batteries. Nature Communications, 2014, 5, 4033.

  6. Y. Xu, Y. Zhu, C. Wang. Mesoporous carbon/silicon composite anodes with enhancement performance for lithium-ion batteries. Journal of Material Chemistry A, 2014, 2, 9751-9757.

  7. M. Wang, W. Zhang, Y. Liu, Y. Yang, C. Wang and Y. Wang. Electrochemical performance of patterned LiFePO4 nano-electrode with a pristine amorphous laye. Applied Physical Letters, 2014, 104, 171604.

  8. C. Luo, R. Huang, R. Kevorkyants, M. Pavanello, H. He, C. Wang. Self-assembled Organic Nanowires for High Power Density Lithium Ion Batteries. Nano Letters, 2014, 14, 1596–1602.

  9. C. Luo, Y. Zhu, Y. Wen, J. Wang, C. Wang. Carbonized Polyacrylonitrile Stabilized SeSx Cathodes for Long Cycle Life and High Power Density Lithium Ion Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, 2014, 24, 4082–4089.

  10. G. Jian, Y. Xu, Li. Lai, C. Wang, and M. Zachariah. Mn3O4 Hollow Spheres for Lithium-ion Batteries with High Rate and Capacity. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2014, 2, 4627.

  11. S. Zheng, F. Yi, H. Li, Y. Zhu, Y. Xu, C. Luo, J. Yang and C. Wang. Copper-Stabilized Sulfur-Microporous Carbon Cathodes for Li-S Batteries. Advanced Functional Materials, 2014, 26, 4156.

  12. C. Luo, Y. Zhu, T. Gao, Y. Xu, Y. Liu, J. Wang, C. Wang. Graphene Oxide Wrapped Croconic Acid Disodium Salt for Sodium Ion Battery Electrodes. Journal of Power Sources, 2014, 250, 372.

  13. Y. Xu, G. Jian,Y. Liu,Y. Zhu, M. R. Zachariah, and C. Wang. Superior Electrochemical Performance and Structure Evolution of Mesoporous Fe2O3 Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Nano Energy, 2014, 3, 26-35.


  1. Y. Liu, Y. Xu, Y. Zhu, J. Culver, C. Lundgren, K. Xu, C. Wang, Tin-Coated Viral Nanoforests as Sodium-Ion Battery Anodes. ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 3627-3634.
  2. X. Han, Y. Xu, X. Chen, Y. Chen, N. Weadock, J. Wan, H. Zhu, Y. Liu, H. Li, G. Rubloff, C. Wang, L. Hu, Reactivation of dissolved polysulfides in Li-S batteries based on atomic layer deposition of Al2O3 in nanoporous carbon cloth. Nano Energy, 2013, 2, 1197-1206.
  3. S. Zhang, Y. Chen, Y. Xu, F. Yi, Y. Zhu, Y. Liu, J. Yang, C. Wang. In situ Formed Lithium Sulfide/Microporous Carbon Cathodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 10995.

  4. Y. Xu, G, Jian, M, R. Zachariah and C, Wang. Nano-Structured Carbon-Coated CuO Hollow Spheres as Stable and High Rate Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries, Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 2013,1, 15486.

  5. K. Karki, Y. Zhu, Y. Liu, C. Sun, L. Hu, Y. Wang, C. Wang, and J. Cumings. Hoop-Strong Nanotubes for Battery Electrodes. ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 8295–8302.

  6. C. Luo, Y. Xu, Y. Zhu, Y. Liu, S. Zheng, Y. Liu, A. Langrock, and C. Wang. Selenium@Mesoporous Carbon Composite with Superior Lithium and Sodium Storage Capacity. ACS Nano, 2013, 9, 8003.

  7. Y. Zhu, J. Wang, Y. Liu, X.Liu, A. Kushima, Y. Liu, Y. Xu, S. Mao, J. Li, C. Wang, and J. Huang. In situ Atomic-Scale Imaging of Phase Boundary Migration in FePO4 Microparticles during Electrochemical Lithiation, Advanced Materials, 2013, 25, 5461.

  8. Y. Zhu, X. Han, Y. Xu, Y. Liu, S. Zheng, K. Xu, L. Hu, and C. Wang. Electrospun Sb/C Fibers for a Stable and Fast Sodium-Ion Battery Anode. ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 6378.

  9. X. Han, Y.Xu, X.iChen, Y. Chen, N. Weadock, J.Wan, H.Zhu, Y.Liu, H.Li, G.Rubloff, C.Wang, L.Hu. Reactivation of dissolved polysulfides in Li–S batteries based on atomic layer deposition of Al2O3 in nanoporous carboncloth. Nano Energy, 2013, 2,1197.

  10. Y. Liu, Y. Xu, Y. Zhu, J. Culver, C. Lundgren, K. Xu, C. Wang. Tin Coated Viral-Nanoforests as Sodium-Ion Battery Anodes. ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 3627–3634.

  11. Y. Xu, Q. Liu, Y. Zhu, Y. Liu, A. Langrock, M. R. Zachariah, and C. Wang. Uniform Nano-Sn/C Composite Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries. Nano Letters, 2013, 13, 470. Highlighted by C&EN.

  12. Y. Wen, Y. Zhu, A. Langrock, A. Manivannan, S. H. Ehrman, C. Wang. Graphene Bonded and Encapsulated Si Nanoparticles for Lithium Ion Battery Anodes. Small, 2013, 9, 2810–2816.

  13. V. R. Basrur, J. Guo, C. Wang and S,R. Raghavan. Synergistic Gelation of Silica Nanoparticles and a Sorbitol-Based Molecular Gelator to Yield Highly-Conductive Free-Standing Gel Electrolytes. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, 2013, 5, 262.

  14. Y. Liu, W. Zhang, Y. Zhu, Y. Luo, Y. Xu, A. Brown, J. N. Culver, C. A. Lundgren, K. Xu,, Y. Wang, and C. Wang. Architecturing Hierarchical Function Layers on Self-Assembled Viral Templates as 3D Nano-Array Electrodes for Integrated Li-Ion Microbatteries. Nano Letters, 2013,13, 293. Highlighted by Nano Energy.

  15. Y. Zhu, Y. Xu, Y. Liu, C. Luo and C. Wang. Comparison of Electrochemical Performances of Olivine NaFePO4 in Sodium-Ion Batteries and Olivine LiFePO4 in Lithium-Ion Batteries. Nanoscale, 2013, 5, 780.

  16. A. Langrock; Y. Xu, Y. Liu; S.Ehrman, A. Manivannan, C. Wang. Carbon coated hollow Na2FePO4F spheres for Na-ion battery cathodes. Journal of Power Sources, 2013, 223, 62.

  17. Y Xu, Y. Zhu, Y. Liu, and C. Wang. Electrochemical Performance of Porous Carbon/Tin Composite Anodes for Sodium-Ion and Lithium-Ion Batteries. Advanced Energy Materials, 2013, 3,128.


  1. Y. Liu, Y. Xu, X. Han, C. Pellegrinelli, Y. Zhu, H. zhu, J. Wan, A. C. Chung, O. Vaaland, C. Wang, and L. Hu. Porous Amorphous FePO4 Nanoparticles Connected by Single-Wall Carbon Nanotubes for Sodium Ion Battery Cathodes. Nano Letters, 2012, 12, 5664−5668.

  2. Y. Luo, J. Guo, Y. Liu, Q. Shao, C. Wang, and D. Chu. Copolymerization of Methyl Methacrylate and Vinylbenzyl Chloride towards Alkaline Anion Exchange Membrane for Fuel Cell Applications. Journal of Membrane Science, 2012, 209, 423-424.

  3. K. Gerasopoulos, E.Pomerantseva, M. McCarthy, A. Brown, C. Wang, J. Culver, and R. Ghodssi. Hierarchical Three-Dimensional Microbattery Electrodes Combining Bottom-Up Self-Assembly and Top-Down Micromachining. ACS Nano, 2012, 6, 6422.

  4. X. Chen, J. Guo, K. Gerasopoulos, A. Langrocka, A. Brownd, R. Ghodssi, J. N. Culverd, C. Wang. 3D Tin anodes prepared by electrodeposition on a virus scaffold. Journal of Power Sources, 2012, 211, 129-132.

  5. Y. Xu, J. Guo, C. Wang. Sponge-like porous carbon/tin composite anode materials for lithium ion batteries. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2012, 22, 9562.

  6. K. Karki, E. Epstein, J. H. Cho, Z. Jia, T. Li, S. T. Picraux, C. Wang, and J. Cumings. Lithium-assisted electrochemical welding in silicon nanowire battery electrodes. Nano Letters, 2012, 12, 1392.

  7. A. Ghosh, J. Guo, A. Brown, E. Royston, C. Wang, P. Kofinas, and J. Culver. Virus Assembled Flexible Electrode – Electrolyte Interfaces for Enhanced Polymer Based Battery Applications. Journal of Nanomaterials, 2012, 2012, 5.

  8. J. Guo, Q. Liu, C. Wang and M. R. Zachariah. Interdispersed amorphous MnOx-carbon nanocomposites with superior electrochemical performance as lithium storage material. Advanced Functional Materials, 2012, 22, 803.

  9. Y. Luo, J. Guo, C. Wang, and D. Chu. Fuel Cell Durability Enhancement by Crosslinking Alkaline Anion Exchange Membrane Electrolyte. Electrochemistry Communications2012, 16, 65–68.


  1. J. Guo, Y. Xu, and C. Wang. Sulfur-Impregnated Disordered Carbon Nanotubes Cathode for Lithium-Sulfur Battery. Nano Letters, 2011, 11, 4288.

  2. Y. Luo, J. Guo, C. Wang, and D. Chu. An Acrylate-Polymer-Based Electrolyte Membrane for Alkaline uel Cell Applications. ChemSusChem, 2011, 4, 1557.

  3. X. Liu, H. Zheng, L. Zhong, S. H. K. Karki, Li Q. Zhang, Y. Liu, A. Kushima, W.T. Liang, J. W. Wang, J.-H. Cho, E. Epstein, S. A. Dayeh, S. T. Picraux, T. Zhu, J. Li, J. P. Sullivan, J. Cumings, C. Wang, S. Mao, Z. Ye, S. Zhang, and J. Y. Huang. Anisotropic Swelling and Fracture of Silicon Nanowires During Lithiation. Nano Letter, 2011, 11, 3312.

  4. Y. Luo, J. Guo, C. Wang, and D. Chu. Tunable High-Molecular-Weight Anion-Exchange Membranes for Alkaline Fuel Cells. Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics, 2011, 212, 2094. Featured on Cover.

  5. X. Chen, K. Gerasopoulos, J. Guo, A. Brown, R. Ghodssi, J. N. Culver, and C. Wang. High Rate Performance of Virus enabled 3D n-type Si Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries. Electrochimica Acta,  2011, 56, 5210.

  6. J. Guo, A. Sun, X. Chen, C. Wang, and A. Manivannan. Cyclability Study of Silicon-Carbon Composite Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries Using Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy. Electrochimica Acta, 2011, 56, 3981.

  7. Y. Zhu and C. Wang. Strain accommodation and potential hysteresis of LiFePO4 cathodes during Li ion insertion/extraction. Journal of Power Sources, 2011, 196, 1442.

  8. X. Chen, K. Gerasopoulos, J. Guo, A. Brown, C. Wang, R. Ghodssi, and J. N. Culver. A Patterned 3D Silicon Anode Fabricated by Electrodeposition on a Virus Structured Current Collector. Advanced Functional Materials, 2011, 21, 380. Highlighted by EFRC/DoE.

  9. Y. Zhu and C. Wang. Novel CV for Phase Transformation Electrodes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2011, 115, 823.


  1. K. Gerasopoulos, X. Chen, J. Culver, C. Wang, and R. Ghodssi. Self-assembled Ni/TiO2 nanocomposite anodes synthesized via electroless plating and atomic layer deposition on biological scaffolds. Chemical Communications, 2010,  46, 7349.

  2. A. Ghosh, C. Wang, and P. Kofinas. Block Copolymer Solid Battery Electrolyte with High Li-ion Transference Number. Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 2010,157, A846.

  3. X. Chen, K. Gerasopoulos, J. Guo, A. Brown, C. Wang, R. Ghodssi, and J. N. Culver. Virus-Enabled Silicon Anodes for Lithium-ion Batteries. ACS Nano, 2010 4, 5366. Highlighted in US News, NSF, Science Daily, MSNBC, etc.

  4. J. Guo, A. Sun, and C. Wang. A Porous Silicon-Carbon Anode with High Overall Capacity on Carbon Fiber Current Collector. Electrochemistry Communications, 2010, 12, 981.

  5. J. Guo, X. Chen, and C. Wang, “Carbon Scaffold Structured Silicon Anodes for Lithium-ion Batteries. Journal of Materials Chemistry, 2010, 20, 5035.

  6. Y. Luo, J. Guo, C. Wang, and D. Chu. Quaternized poly(methyl methacrylate-co-butyl acrylate-co-vinylbenzyl chloride) membrane for alkaline fuel cells. Journal of Power Sources, 2010, 195, 3765.

  7. Y. Zhu and C. Wang. Galvanostatic Intermittent Titration Technique for Phase-Transformation Electrodes. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2010, 114, 2830.

  8. J. Guo and C. Wang. A Polymer Scaffold Binder Structure for High Capacity Silicon Anode of Lithium-ion Battery. Chemical Communications, 2010, 46, 1428.

Before 2010

  1. J. Hong, C. Wang, X. Chen, S. Upreti and M. S. Whittinghama*. Vanadium Modified LiFePO4 Cathode for Li-Ion Batteries. Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 2009, 12, A33-A38.

  2. X. Chen, C. Wang, E. A. Payzant, C. Xia, and D. Chu. An Oxide Ion and Proton Co-Ion Conducting Sn0.9In0.1P2O7 Electrolyte for Intermediate-Temperature Fuel Cells. Journal of Electrochemical Society, 2008, 155, B1264.

  3. U. Kasavajjula, C. Wang, and P. Arce, “Discharge Model for LiFePO4 Accounting for the Solid Solution Range,” Journal of Electrochemical Society, 2008, 155, A866.

  4. C. Wang, U. Kasavajjula and P. Arce. A Discharge Model for Phase Transformation Electrodes: Formulation, Experimental Validation, and Analysis. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 2007, 111, 16656.

  5. J. Hong and C. Wang, N. J. Dudhey, M. J. Lance, “Characterization and Performance of LiFePO4 Thin-Film Cathodes Prepared with Radio Frequency Magnetron-Sputter Deposition,” Journal of Electrochemical Society, 2007, 154,  A805.

  6. R. Lawson, C. Wang, J. Hong, and D. Chu. Nafion-BIMEVOX Composite Membrane for Fuel Cell Applications. Journal of Electrochemical Society, 2007, 154, B48.

  7. C. Wang and J. Hong. Ionic/Electronic Conducting Characteristics of LiFePO4 Cathode Materials – the Determining Factors for High Rate Performance,” Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters, 2007, 10, A65.

  8. J. Ma, C. Wang and S. Wroblewsk†, “Kinetic Characteristics of Mixed Conductive Electrodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” Journal of Power Sources, 2007, 164, 849.

  9. U. Kasavajjula, C. Wang, and A. J. Appleby, “Nano- and Bulk-Silicon-Based Insertion Anodes for Lithium-Ion Secondary Cells,” Journal of Power Sources, 2007,163,1003.  Listed as the Most Cited Articles in J. Power Sources in January 2012.

  10. J. Hong, B. Fang, C. Wang, and K. Currie, “Intrinsic Borohydride Fuel Cell/Battery Hybrid Power Sources,” Journal of Power Sources, 2006, 161, 753.

  11. S. R. D’Souza, J. Ma, and C. Wang, “Enhanced Pulse Power Polymer Electrolyte membrane fuel Cell Using Internal Hybrid Catalyst Layer Electrodes,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 2006, 153, A1795.

  12. J. Hong, C. Wang, and U. Kasavajjula, “Kinetic Behavior of LiFeMgPO4 Cathode Materials for Li-ion Batteries,” Journal of Power Sources, 2006,162,1289.

  13. C. Wang, M. Marrero-Rivera, D. A. Serafini, J. H. Baricuatro, M. P. Soriaga, and S. Srinivasan, “The Self-discharge Mechanism of AB5-Type Hydride Electrodes in Ni/MH Batteries,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2006, 31, 603.

  14. A. Visintin, E. B. Castro, S. G. Real, W. E. Triaca, C. Wang, and M.P. Soriaga, “Electrochemical Activation and Electrocatalytic Enhancement of a Hydride-Forming Metal Alloy Modified with Palladium, Platinum and Nickel,” Electrochim. Acta, 2006, 51, 3658.

  15. U. Kasavajjula and C. Wang, “Nano Si/G Composite Anode in Li+ion Battery for Aerospace Applications,” Indian J. Chem. Sect A, 2005, 44A, 975.

  16. C. Wang, X. Zhang, and A. J. Appleby, “Solvent-Free Composite PEO-Ceramic-Fiber/Mat Electrolytes for Lithium Secondary Cells,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 2005, 152, A205.

  17. C. Wang, A J. Appleby, and D. L. Cocke, “Alkaline Fuel Cell with Intrinsic Energy Storage,” Journal of  the Electrochemical Society, 2004, 151, A260.

  18. C. Wang, K. Patil, A. J. Appleby, F. E. Little, and D. L. Cocke, “In-situ Ionic/Electric Conductivity Measurement of La0.55Li0.35TiO3 Ceramic at Different Li Insertion Levels,” Journal of The Electrochemical Soc., 2004, 151, A1196.

  19. X. Zhang, P. K. Patil, C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, F. E. Little, and D. L. Cocke, “Electrochemical performance of lithium ion battery, nano-silicon-based, disordered carbon composite anodes with different microstructures,” Journal of Power Sources, 2004, 125, 206.

  20. C. Wang and A J. Appleby, “High-Peak-Power Polymer Electrolyte Membrane Fuel Cells,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 2003, 150, A493.

  21. X. Zhang, C. Wang, and A. J. Appleby, “Improving Low-Temperature Performance of Li-Alloy Anodes by Optimization of the Electrolyte–Electrode Interface,” J. Power Sources, 2003, 114, 121.

  22. C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Criteria for Reliable Electrochemical Impedance Measurements on Li-ion Battery Anodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 2003, 150, A143.

  23. C. Wang, M. M. Cruz, M. P. Soriaga, D. Serafini, and S. Srinivasan, “Corrosion Behavior of AB5-Type Hydride Electrodes in Alkaline Electrolyte Solution,” J. Appl. Electrochem., 2003, 33, 325.

  24. C. Wang, M. M. Cruz, M. P. Soriaga, D. Serafini, and S. Srinivasan, “Improvement in the Cycle Life of LaB5 Metal Hydride Electrode by Addition of ZnO to Alkaline Electrolytes,” Electrochim. Acta, 2002, 47, 1069.

  25. X. Zhang, C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Composite Doped Emeraldine-Polyethylene Oxide-Bonded Lithium-Ion Nano-Tin Anodes with Electronic-Ionic Mixed Conduction,” Solid State Ionics, 2002, 150, 383.

  26. C. Wang, X. Zhang, A. J. Appleby, X. Chen, and F. E. Little, “Self-Discharge of Secondary Lithium-Ion Graphite Anodes,” J. Power Sources, 2002, 112, 98.

  27. C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Low-Temperature Characterization of Lithium-Ion Carbon Anode via Microperturbation Measurement,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 2002, 149, A754.

  28. X. Zhang, C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Characteristics of Lithium-Ion-Conducting Composite Polymer-Glass Second Cell Electrolytes,” J. Power Sources, 2002, 112, 209.

  29. X. Zhang, C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Improvement in Electrochemical Properties of Nano-Tin-Polyaniline Lithium-Ion Composite Anodes by Control of Electrode Microstructure,” Journal of Power Sources, 2002, 109, 136.

  30. C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Electrochemical Study on the SnO2 Lithium-Insertion Anode Using Microperturbation Techniques,” Solid State Ionics, 2002, 147, 13.

  31. C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Irreversible Capacities of Graphite Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” J. Electroanal. Chem., 2002, 519, 9.

  32. C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Comparison of the Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy Characteristics of Insertion Electrode Materials Used in Secondary Metal Hydride and Lithium-Ion Electrodes,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 2001, 148, A762.

  33. C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Electrochemical Impedance Study of Initial Lithium Ion Intercalation into Graphite Powders,” Electrochim. Acta, 2001, 46, 1793.

  34. C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Charge-Discharge Stability of Graphite Anodes for Lithium-Ion Batteries,” J. Electroanal. Chem., 2001, 497, 33.

  35. C. Wang, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “Electrochemical Study on Nano-Sn, Li4.4Sn and AlSi0.1 Powders Used as Secondary Lithium Battery Anodes,” J. Power Sources, 2001, 93, 174.

  36. C. Wang, I. Kakwan, A. J. Appleby, and F. E. Little, “In Situ Investigation of Electrochemical Lithium Intercalation into Graphite Powder,” J. Electroanal. Chem., 2000, 489, 55.

  37. C. Wang, A. Rakotondrainibe, A. John Appleby, and Frank E. Little, “Characterization of Metal Hydride Electrodes via Microperturbation and In-Situ Intrinsic Resistance Measurement,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 2000, 147, 4432.

  38. C. Wang, M. Soriaga, and S. Srinivasan, “Determination of Reaction Resistances for Metal-Hydride Electrodes During Anodic Polarization,” J. Power Sources, 2000, 85, 212.

  39. G. Wu, C. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Yang, Z. Qi, P.He,a and W. Li., “Structure and Lithium Insertion Properties of Carbon Nanotubes,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 1999, 146, 1696.

  40. H. Pan, J. Ma, C. Wang, S. Chen, X. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Wang, “Studies on the Electrochemical Properties of MlNi4.3–xCoxAl0.7 Hydride Alloy Electrodes,” J Alloys Compd., 1999, 295, 648.

  41. H. Pan, Y. Chen, C. Wang, X. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Wang, “Influence of Concentration of KOH Solution Containing 0.02 M Borohydride on the Kinetic Properties of Hydrogen Storage Alloys,” J Alloys Compd., 1999, 295, 680.

  42. H. Pan, J. Ma, C. Wang, C. Chen, Q. Wang., “Effect of Co Content on the Kinetic Properties of MlNi4.3–xCoxAl0.7 Hydride Electrodes,” Electrochim. Acta, 1999, 44, 3977.

  43. H. Pan, Y. Chen, C. Wang, J. Ma, C Chen, Q.D. Wang., “Effect of Alloys Modified by an Alkaline Solution Containing Potassium Borohydride on the Kinetic Properties of MlNi3.7Co0.6Mn0.4Al0.3 Hydride Electrodes,” Electrochim. Acta, 1999, 44 2263.

  44. C. Wang, G. Wu, X. Zhang, Z. Qi, and W. Li., “Lithium Insertion in Carbon-Silicon Composite Materials Produced by Mechanical Milling,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 1998, 145, 2751.

  45. C. Wang, G. Wu, and Z. Li, “Li insertion in Ball-milled Graphite,” Journal of Power Sources, 1998, 76, 1.

  46. C. Wang, G. Wu, and W. Li, “Electrochemical Hydrogen and Lithium Absorption/Desorption in Ti46Ni45Nb9 Alloy in Aqueous Electrolytes,” Journal of Power Sources, 1998, 75, 122.

  47. G. Wu, C. Wang, X. Zhang, H. Yang, Z. Qi, W. Li, “Lithium Insertion into CuO/Carbon Nanotubes,” Journal of Power Sources, 1998, 75, 175.

  48. C. Wang, “Kinetic Behavior of Metal Hydride Electrode by Means of AC Impedance,” Journal of The Electrochemical Society, 1998, 145, 1801.

  49. C. Wang, Y. Lei, and Q. Wang, “Studies of Electrochemical Properties of TiNi Alloy Used as an MH Electrode – I. Discharge Capacity,” Electrochim. Acta, 1998, 43, 3193.

  50. C. Wang, Y. Lei, and Q. Wang, “Studies of Electrochemical Properties of TiNi Alloy Used as an MH Electrode. II. Discharge Kinetics,” Electrochimica Acta, 1998, 43, 3209.

  51. C. Wang, Y. Lei, Q. Wang, “Effects of Nb and Pd on the Electrochemical Properties of a Ti-Ni Hydrogen-Storage Electrode,” Journal of Power Sources, 1998, 70, 222.

  52. Q. Zhang, Y. Lei, C. Wang, F.Wang, Q. Wang., “Structure of the Secondary Phase and its Effects on Hydrogen-Storage Properties in a Ti0.7Zr0.2V0.1Ni Alloy,” Journal of Power Sources, 1998, 75, 288.

  53. X. Yang, Y. Lei, C. Wang, G. Zhua, W. Zhang, Q. Wang., “Influence of Amorphization on Electrode Performances of AB2 Type Hydrogen Storage Alloys,” Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 1998, 265, 264.

  54. C. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Lei, C. Chen,and Q. Wang, “A New Method of Determining the Thermodynamic Parameters of Metal Hydride Electrode Materials,” International J.ournal of Hydrogen Energy, 1997, 22, 1117.

  55. H. Pan, C. Chen, C. Wang, X. Han, F.Yang. Magnetic properties of Sm-3(Fe,Mo)(29)N-x interstitial nitride. Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials, 1997,170, 331.

  56. C. Wang, X. Wang, Y. Lei, C. Chen, and Q. Wang. The Hydriding Kinetics of MlNi5–I. Development of the Model. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 1996, 21, 471.

  57. X. Wang, C. Wang, C. Chen Y. Lei, and Q. Wang. The Hydriding Kinetics of MlNi5–II. Experiment Results. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 1996, 21, 479.

  58. X. Wang, C. Chen, C. Wang, and Q. Wang. Hydrogen Storage Properties of Ml1-XCaXNi5 Pseudobinary Intermetallic Compounds. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 1996, 232, 192.

  59. Y. Lei, C. Wang, X. Yang, H. Pan, J. Wu, and Q. Wang. A Mathematical Model for the Cycle Life of Hydride Electrodes. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 1995, 231, 611.,

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